Located in northeastern Nevada, Eureka County was established in 1873. The county covers 4,182 square miles. Geography is typical basin and range topography, with long, mostly north-south trending, alluvium-filled valleys separated by mountain ranges. Elevations range from a high of around 10,461 feet at the Summit Mountains in the Monitor Range to about 4,000 feet elevation on the floors of several of the lower basins.
Voting Trends — As shown in Table 6-2, voter turnout in Eureka County is very high. Voter turnout in the last general election was 85.35 percent, while in Nevada as a whole the percentage of registered voters who voted was 80.79 percent. Only in 2008 did the percent of Nevada registered voters exceed the percentage of Eureka County voters participating in the election. Figure 6-1 shows the party affiliation of Eureka County voters. Since 2003, democrat voters have declined while republican and independent non-partisan voters have increased. Figure 6-2 tracks the trends in voter turnout in Eureka County.
Public Safety — The State of Nevada created a uniform crime-reporting program in 1991. The Department of Public Safety obtains crime figures from local jurisdictions in Nevada and publishes them in an annual report, Crime and Justice in Nevada. During 2011 44 "index" crimes were reported in Eureka County. This gives Eureka County a crime rate of 27.35 per thousand population, nearing the crime rate for the state as a whole of 34.04 (Table 6-3). The increase in crime rate is due to larceny crimes reported.
The Eureka County Sheriff’s Department tracks annual jail population and the total number of reports filed annually. The Eureka County annual jail population spiked in 2007 and 2008 and then declined and leveled off from 2009 to 2012 (Figure 6-3). However, the number of reports filed with the Sheriff’s Department have steadily increased since 2010 (Figure 6-4).
Traffic Crashes and Ambulance Service —
Traffic crashes in Eureka County in 2010 totaled 119, with seven fatal crashes (Table 6-4). According to the Nevada Department of Transportation 2010 Nevada Traffic Crashes the top three contributing factors to traffic crashes in Eureka County were "speed too fast for conditions," "animal in roadway (deer)" and "inattentive driving."
This is consistent with the causative factors in other rural Nevada counties. Of the seven fatal crashes in Eureka County in 2010, two took place on Interstate 80; two took place on U.S. Highway 50; one took place on State Route 278; and one took place on State Route 376 north of Crescent Valley Town. Between 1998 and 2001 all fatal crashes took place either on Interstate Highway 80 or on U.S. Highway 50.
Health Care —
Nevada Health Centers, Inc. operates two clinics in Eureka County, one in the town of Eureka and one in Crescent Valley. The Eureka Clinic was opened in 1987, the Crescent Valley Clinic in 1999. Each clinic is staffed with one physician and one nurse practitioner. The clinics offer family medicine, women's health services, pediatrics, occupational health, urgent care, family planning, health screenings, well-child care and immunizations, STD/HIV education, lab, X-ray, prescription dispensary, prenatal and newborn care, chronic illness management, and health education.
1. Eureka County Facilities and Services
Population & Housing
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